Performance of a self-paced brain computer interface on data contaminated with eye-movement artifacts and on data recorded in a subsequent session

TitlePerformance of a self-paced brain computer interface on data contaminated with eye-movement artifacts and on data recorded in a subsequent session
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsFatourechi, M., R. K. Ward, and G. E. Birch
JournalComput Intell Neurosci
Pagination749204
Abstract

The performance of a specific self-paced BCI (SBCI) is investigated using two different datasets to determine its suitability for using online: (1) data contaminated with large-amplitude eye movements, and (2) data recorded in a session subsequent to the original sessions used to design the system. No part of the data was rejected in the subsequent session. Therefore, this dataset can be regarded as a "pseudo-online" test set. The SBCI under investigation uses features extracted from three specific neurological phenomena. Each of these neurological phenomena belongs to a different frequency band. Since many prominent artifacts are either of mostly low-frequency (e.g., eye movements) or mostly high-frequency nature (e.g., muscle movements), it is expected that the system shows a fairly robust performance over artifact-contaminated data. Analysis of the data of four participants using epochs contaminated with large-amplitude eye-movement artifacts shows that the system's performance deteriorates only slightly. Furthermore, the system's performance during the session subsequent to the original sessions remained largely the same as in the original sessions for three out of the four participants. This moderate drop in performance can be considered tolerable, since allowing artifact-contaminated data to be used as inputs makes the system available for users at ALL times.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/749204
DOI10.1155/2008/749204

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