Performance of BICM-SC and BICM-OFDM systems with diversity reception in non-gaussian noise and interference

TitlePerformance of BICM-SC and BICM-OFDM systems with diversity reception in non-gaussian noise and interference
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsNasri, A., and R. Schober
JournalCommunications, IEEE Transactions on
Volume57
Pagination3316 -3327
Date Publishednov.
ISSN0090-6778
Keywordsadditive correlated Gaussian noise, additive white Gaussian noise, asymptotic BER approximation, AWGN, BICM-OFDM systems, bit error rate, bit-interleaved coded modulation single-carrier systems, closed-form approximation, cochannel interference, convolutional code, convolutional codes, diversity reception, error statistics, Euclidean distance branch metric, finite moments, Gaussian mixture noise, interleaved codes, Nakagami channels, Nakagami-m fading, Nakagami-q fading, narrowband interference, non-Gaussian interference, non-Gaussian noise, OFDM modulation, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems, Rayleigh channels, Rayleigh fading, receive antennas, Ricean fading, Rician channels, ultra wideband interference, Viterbi decoding, Weibull fading
Abstract

In this paper, we present a general mathematical framework for performance analysis of single-carrier (SC) and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems employing popular bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) and multiple receive antennas. The proposed analysis is applicable to BICM systems impaired by general types of fading (including Rayleigh, Ricean, Nakagami-m, Nakagami-q, and Weibull fading) and general types of noise and interference with finite moments such as additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), additive correlated Gaussian noise, Gaussian mixture noise, co-channel interference, narrowband interference, and ultra-wideband interference. We present an approximate upper bound for the bit error rate (BER) and an accurate closed-form approximation for the asymptotic BER at high signal-to-noise ratios for Viterbi decoding with the standard Euclidean distance branch metric. For the standard rate-1/2 convolutional code the proposed approximate upper bound and the asymptotic approximation become tight at BERs of 10-6 and 10-12, respectively. However, if the code is punctured to higher rates (e.g. 2/3 or 3/4), the asymptotic approximation also becomes tight at a BER of 10-6. Exploiting the asymptotic BER approximation we show that the diversity gain of BICM systems only depends on the free distance of the code, the type of fading, and the number of receive antennas but not on the type of noise. In contrast their coding gain strongly depends on the noise moments. Our asymptotic analysis shows that as long as the standard Euclidean distance branch metric is used for Viterbi decoding, BICM systems optimized for AWGN are also optimum for any other type of noise and interference with finite moments.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2009.11.080180
DOI10.1109/TCOMM.2009.11.080180

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